The problem is how two or more organisms can share innate biological rhythms in such a way as to achieve communication which can permit transmission of information they do not already share.” (Bullowa, 1979, p. 15, italics added). This article sets out to examine what Debussy wrote about music in the light of the discourse on music, literature, and nature that Debussy knew from contemporary literature. It becomes apparent that Debussy shares with, for example, Mallarme a refusal to consider that his work renders natural scenes present. Indeed, he rejects entirely the notion that music can or should represent anything . Debussy accordingly despises programs and critics who look in his music for images or ideas that they expect him to have put there. There are a few humans that are very meaningful to me but the rest seem to be unnecessary and unneeded.
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